Best Survival Skills Every Epic Adventurer Should Know

By "Just In Case" Jack | Updated: 02/25/2023

Do You Know Which Survival Skills Are The Most Important?

Best Survival Skills To Keep You AliveYou know…the ones that, in a worst-case scenario, will bring you home safely.

Because if you spend any time in the great outdoors, these skills could safe your life.

I’m talking about hunters, hikers, anglers, backpackers, campers, etc.

So today, I’m going to use my background in Survival & Preparedness to share the following:


↓(click to skip ahead)↓

1. Water Filtration Skills

2. Survival Shelters Skills

3. Starting A Fire Skills

4. Navigation Skills

5. Signaling Skills

6. Medical Skills

7. Foraging For Food

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Finding and Purifying Water Survival Skill

1. Finding & Purifying Water

In most survival situations, water is first.

Why? Because in survival, water almost always becomes a player.

If not immediately, at least within the first 24 hours.

The human body makeup is 60% water, requiring constant rehydration.

Human tissue is saturated with water.

  • Water protects and lubricates our internal joints, ligaments, and muscles.
  • Water is the primary constituent of our blood. It carries oxygen and nutrients from our lungs and digestive tract to the body’s cells.
  • The power that drives the pumping action of our heart is an electrical impulse. These pulses are derived from electrolytes dissolved in the water.
  • Your brain tissue also requires water to keep neurons and synapses functioning properly.

If the percentage of water carried becomes less than normal, dehydration occurs.

Dehydration is what drives us to the water fountain.

Thirst can best be described as dryness of the mouth.

The mouth relies heavily on water saturation, to the point of being perpetually wet.

The mouth continually produces saliva from the water in its tissues.

So the first sign of dehydration is through the mouth.

The dryness we sense indicates an out-of-balance water situation is developing.

Which is the human condition we call Thirst.

Often people are busy with some task and ignore this first thirst warning.

Instead, putting off a trip to the water fountain or the kitchen sink.

The second warning the body gives is a mild headache that will worsen over time.

Other dehydration symptoms include:

  • reduced urinary output
  • lethargy
  • the inability to perspire or produce tears
  • nausea
  • rapid heart rate
  • tingling of the skin
  • high body temperatures
  • hallucinations
  • heat exhaustion
  • eventually death

Not being able to find and purify water is of primary concern when one is in a survival scenario.

Dehydration begins when you are lost, hurt, and need rescue.

Plus, you’ll have to increase your excursion and exposure so that you will dehydrate faster than normal.

So it’s of utmost importance to continuously find, purify, filter, and drink water when in survival mode.

I realize it’s a cliche to say;

“It could mean the difference between life and death”.

But in the case of finding water, it’s both profound and accurate.

You must master this skill and acquire the right water filtration tools.

↓ AFTER EARTH Survival Tips – Episode 3: How To Find Water

Sawyer Mini Water Filter

We’ve recently become a big fan of the Sawyer Mini Filter.

This tiny water filter can process up to 100,000 GALLONS of water through a 0.1-micron filter.

The Sawyer Mini has hose adapters on either side.

This design allows you to use a large variety of water retrieval options.

For example:

  • Splice it into your hydration pack
  • Convert it to a gravity filter
  • Use a small piece of hose to gather water out of a small crack

Plus, it has a threaded end that screws onto a small bladder (or any soda bottle) to let you filter and drink on the move.

It also only weighs 2oz and is only 4″ long.

Again, for this price, it’s an excellent survival water filter for emergencies.

↓ Sawyer Mini Water Filter Review – Can This Filter 100,000 Gallons of Water?

Wilderness Survival Shelter

2. Wilderness Survival Shelter

If you ever have to spend the night in the wilderness, you want something between you and that wilderness.

You’ll want a wilderness shelter.

And in some circumstances, it’s more than just a preference; it’s downright essential.

A survival shelter can sometimes provide something more necessary than these.

A shelter protects from extreme elements.

Humans are not designed for extended exposure to the following conditions:

  • freezing temperatures
  • sweltering heat
  • high winds
  • deep snow
  • driving sleet
  • heavy rains

We quickly become dehydrated in direct sunlight in a desert.

We can become hypothermic on the tundra of the North within minutes (or even in more temperate regions when rain-soaked).

Shelter equals protection like fur to a bear or blubber to a whale.

Yet, unlike the Animal Kingdom, humans have evolved to manipulate our environments.

We’ve created the entire concept of “indoors.”

We create living spaces with heating and cooling built-in.

They’re also designed to protect us from all precipitation and wind.

We even moderate humidity levels within our homes for additional comfort.

The truth is we’ve flexed our cerebral cortex over thousands of years.

This flexing has led to our modern environments.

This process has had the unintended consequence of humans losing our natural defenses against the elements.

So when we go into the wilderness, we must bring our shelters.

Or quickly create them from what we scavenge.

The water countdown clock will run out in days.

But the shelter clock may expire in hours or even minutes in extreme environments.

So you must learn the areas in which you travel and what materials are available.

That way, you know how to protect yourself quickly from dangerous environmental situations.

The last thing you want is for the rescuers who find your dead body to say:

“Look at all the stuff around he could have used to make a shelter. I guess he didn’t know any basic survival skills.”

↓ Type of Shelter Everyone Should Know

The TACT Bivvy Emergency Shelter

And while mastering the skill of building survival shelters is something everyone should learn.

You might also want to prepare for an emergency situation with a TACT Bivvy.

TACT Bivvy In HandThe Tact Bivvy is the ultimate portable personal survival shelter.

It’s lightweight and made from mylar to trap your body heat. 

This little emergency sleeping bag could be the difference between dying of exposure to hypothermia or surviving the night.

Add one to your vehicle, pack, and bug out bag, and get home bag.

↓ Bug out Bag Shelter – Survival Frog TACT Bivvy Review

Survival Gear Checklist eBook Cover -with fire piston on a rock and campfire in the background

Want a free 54 item survival gear checklist?

Click here to instantly download this Complete Checklist PDF. No purchase necessary.

Fire Survival Skill

3. Starting A Fire

Firecraft is the art of making fire.

Those serious about basic survival skills know how important the ability to create fire is.

Fire is useful in all survival situations and can be a lifesaver in many of them.

Fire gives us 4 critical elements:

  1. Heat
  2. Light
  3. Smoke
  4. Cook Food

Hypothermia can occur at low temperatures, especially in soaked clothing.

The heat from a fire can keep us from dying of hypothermia.

It warms our bodies and dries wet clothes. Heat is also essential to kill parasites and bacteria in raw meat.

Light from a fire can signal at night, as can the smoke from a fire during the day.

The light from a fire illuminates the dark, which helps keep wild animals at bay.

Smoke from a fire can also be used to smoke raw meats, an ancient method of food preservation.

Smoke also can help protect you from the biggest killer of them all, the mosquito.

And the key to successful fire starting is preparedness and having the right survival gear.

Starting a fire can be as difficult or as easy as you make it.

If you have fire-starting tools (survival lighters, survival matches, etc.) with you, then a raging bonfire is only a few minutes away.

But what happens if you don’t?

How prepared are you to make a fire without ANY survival tools?

Please don’t use the excuse that you’ll always have a Bic on you at all times.

We all know sh*t happens, we forget, and mechanical devices fail, especially at inopportune times.

It’s wise to invest in natural fire-starting techniques today, just in case.

↓ 13 Ways To Start A Fire (No Matches Or Lighter)

Navigation With A Compass

4. Navigation

Many survival situations begin with one losing their bearings in unfamiliar surroundings.

The technical term for this condition is LOST.

I remember as a youngster watching MASH when Hawkeye tells a colleague they are lost.

“I’ve been lost before and this is exactly what it looks like.” 

As a former US Air Force navigator once told me;

“I made a career out of keeping my plane and crew from becoming lost, not that we weren’t “momentarily disoriented” from time to time.”

He also heard an SR-71 pilot say;

“You haven’t really been lost until you’ve been lost at Mach 3.”

The good news is that the condition of being lost is correctable whether you are lost in the desert, dense forest, mountains, or skies at Mach 3.

The Almighty, through Nature, has given us many ways to “find our way.”

But only if you learn these “ways” and practice them.

Lost is not good, but it’s not hopeless.

If you take the time to learn the tools, you should never be “lost.”

Having multiple ways to get you back on course in the wilderness is an underrated but basic survival skill worth mastering.

↓ 5 Navigation Techniques Every Woodsman Should Know

Survival Gear Checklist eBook Cover -with fire piston on a rock and campfire in the background

Want a free 54 item survival gear checklist?

Click here to instantly download this Complete Checklist PDF. No purchase necessary.

Rescue Helicopter

5. Signaling For Rescue

Assuming rescue is desirable, one must understand the basics of signaling.

Signaling is the art of drawing attention to oneself.

In the grand scheme of things, we are tiny compared to our vast planet.

Finding someone on the ground is difficult, especially if nothing is done to draw attention to oneself.

So what are the fundamental principles for effective signaling?

  1. Contrast
  2. Intelligence

First, you must contrast with your environment.

Second, the potential rescuer should see your signal and recognize it not as an anomaly of nature.

Your signal should be a clear sign of intelligence at work.

There are many ways to accomplish this.

Many of these ways even complement each other.

So it’s always so sad to hear when rescuers struggle to locate the lost or missing in the wild.

Maybe the rescue team was too late, and the unfortunate soul was gone before the search began.

But what about the poor souls who saw the rescuers? Yelled at the top of their lungs.

Waved their arms frantically from the forest floor.

Only to helplessly watch the helicopter cruise past and their rescue hopes vanish.

If only they had taken some time to master the survival skills of signaling.

↓ Learn Military Skills to Signal Search and Rescue in a Survival Situation!

Survival Medical Kit Image

6. Medical Skills

A survival situation goes from bad to worse when there’s an injury.

Whether it’s a sprained ankle or a severe wound, you’re in deep trouble if you don’t know how to tend to these medical emergencies.

Even if it’s just learning how to turn a bit of paracord into a stretcher or using a belt as a makeshift tourniquet.

This knowledge is critical and could save your life in dire circumstances.

That’s why I recommend –

The Home Doctor

Home Doctor Book Tag LineIt’s the only complete medical guide for the laymen (like you and me).

It shows you how to treat yourself and your loved ones in an emergency when doctors, pharmacies, and hospitals are out of reach.

And you don’t need any medical training…

And here’s the best part:

You won’t need to spend a bucket load of cash or waste weeks poring over hundreds of pages because there are no weird medical terms to learn!

It’s easy and read due to its many large detailed images.

↓ Home Doctor Book Review – Is It Worth Buying?

Survival Gear Checklist eBook Cover -with fire piston on a rock and campfire in the background

Want a free 54 item survival gear checklist?

Click here to instantly download this Complete Checklist PDF. No purchase necessary.

Figure 4 Deadfall Trap

7. Food Acquisition

In most survival scenarios, immediate rescue, water, and shelter are the initial priorities.

There are more important survival skills than food acquisition.

Food acquisition should not be at the top of the priority list.

Why? Because Man can live for weeks without food but can perish in days without water or shelter.

That said, perhaps you have long-term plans for living in the wilderness.

Perhaps society has collapsed, or a pandemic has forced you away from your fellow man.

Whatever the reason, if you must live for weeks in the wilderness, you’ll need food and nourishment.

To understand what foods you need, you must understand what nutrients your body requires.

Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, fiber, vitamins, and minerals are required to survive long-term.

  • Carbs and fats provide the necessary energy.
  • Protein assists in the building and repairing of muscles.
  • Vitamins and minerals are critical for efficient bodily functions. Functions such as the immune system prevent diseases.
  • A certain fiber level is also necessary to keep everything moving through your body.

So where can you find these substances in nature, and how can you acquire them?

Fish, small game, identifying edible plants, berries, fungi, and pine trees are valid wilderness food supplies.

The average man needs 2500 calories daily to sustain weight and the typical female 2000 calories.

This is based on a nominal level of activity.

However, if you are in survival mode, you will be:

  • moving long distances over rough terrain
  • carrying gear
  • gathering food
  • building shelters

You will be burning considerably more calories. Perhaps thousands more.

Family Calorie Needs Chart

Food Planning Guide eBook Cover - with dried foods and grains spilling out onto a wooden table

Want a free family-first food planning guide?

Click here to instantly download this Complete Checklist PDF. No purchase necessary.

  • Wild game comes in at about 500 calories per pound.
  • Fish and seafood 600-800 calories per pound.
  • Green plants around 100 calories or less per pound.

If rescue is not the goal, but living in the wilderness is the goal, this excessive calorie burn will make food acquisition a continuous struggle.

Similar to the continuous need to find and purify water.

Food acquisition no longer consists of stopping by the grocery store on your way home.

Or call the local pizza joint for the deal of the day.

No, finding enough nutritious calories just became your new full-time job.

It’s primarily fishing, hunting, and foraging wild plants…

You better know what the hell you’re doing.

↓ AFTER EARTH Survival Tips – What To Eat

Note: Honorable mention – you should also learn the skill of tying knots.

Action Plan

How To Master Survival Skills

There are 2 things you need to do to master any skill (especially Basic Survival Techniques):

  1. Learn
  2. Practice

That’s it.

If you do both of these properly, you will eventually master them all:

↓ 50 Survival Tips – Food | Fire | Shelter | Water


It’s not a matter of if but when.

However, if you learn but don’t practice, you are book smart but skills dumb.

You might be able to explain how to survive, but you’ll fail miserably when put to the real test.

If you practice but don’t learn, you’re just messing around.

Do both, and you’ll stack the deck in your favor should your next adventure go sideways…

Prepare, Adapt & Overcome,

  • Cofounder Of &
  • Born & Raised On A Rural Farm In The Midwest
  • Mechanical Engineering Grad From A Major University
  • Engineer With A Major Food Manufacturing Company
  • 10+ Years Researching, Writing, & Teaching Preparedness
  • Mission: Help Folks Stop Living A Life Fragile To The Future
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